Lean body mass and creatine kinase are associated with reduced inflammation in obesity. Following treatment, there was a mean body weight reduction of 1. Correlation of X-ray computed tomography with quantitative nuclear magnetic resonance methods for pre-clinical measurement of adipose and lean tissues in living mice. Clinical data, BMD, bone metabolic markers BMM and body composition, such as lean body mass and percent fat, were collected. In its active form, pyridoxal-5′-phosphate PLP , vitamin B-6 serves as a link between amino acid and carbohydrate metabolism through intermediates of glycolysis and the tricarboxylic acid cycle. Despite early preservation of lean body mass with HT 3 y , HT did not ameliorate long-term 6 y loss in lean body mass with aging.

When COP feedback was given in addition to the visual target, the postural control system did not control stance better than in the condition with only visual information. Further research is indicated to elucidate mechanisms of action and to determine whether supplementation may benefit frail elders. Published by Mosby, Inc. Exaggerated haemodynamic and neural responses to involuntary contractions induced by whole- body vibration in normotensive obese versus lean women. A relationship between a person’s lean body mass and the amount of maximum torque that can be produced with each isolated joint of the upper extremity was investigated. The prevalence of protein-energy wasting and obesity varied considerably, depending on nutritional assessment methodology. Twenty-seven patients 20 female and 7 male aged

Lipid-based concentrations derived from EPS were in good agreement with lipid-normalized concentrations obtained using conventional solvent extraction. Two months after infection, parasite DNA was no longer detected in these tissues gelle, but T helper type 1 Th1 cell numbers remained above control levels in the infected mice. Thirty six men The method may serve as a useful tool for evaluation and follow-up of various dietary and training programmes.

We hypothesized that dietary protein intake and leisure-time physical episde are associated with LBM in community-dwelling older adults. Appropriate correction of defective protein status and eradication of inflammatory processes may restore an appropriate LBM size allowing the hepatic production of the retinol circulating complex to resume, in contrast with the refractory choroidal TTR secretory process.

Both uni- and multivariate logistic analyses demonstrated that the significant independent risk factors for severe lean body mass loss were surgical complications with infection or fasting odds ratio [OR] 3. Lean and obese participants showed comparable fasting glycerol uptake by SAT 9. When adjusted by weight, relationships of fat and lean body mass with metabolic parameters were mirror images of each other. Background The clinical assessment of lean body mass LBM is challenging in obese children.


Skeletal muscle tissue transcriptome differences in lean and obese female beagle dogs. These nonsubcutaneous fat depots amounted to 1.

LBM showed rising trends up to the age of 18 years in boys, whereas it plateaued after the age of 15 years in girls. Statistical significance was set a priori at pluw 0. IL could regulate fat mass accumulation in obesity via lipolysis, although this has not been investigated in humans. Sixteen patients with ALL received cranial irradiation 12Gy. This study assessed changes in body composition and insulin resistance after thyroxine T 4 replacement in overt hypothyroidism.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term effects on body composition after an week weight-gain period with or without nutritional guidance. Moreover, lean body mass was lower and percent fat was higher in patients with RA. Body composition was measured by means of dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Hypothyroidism is associated with insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, and abnormal body composition.

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Maintenance dialysis patients are at increased risk of abnormal nutritional status due to numerous causative factors, both nutritional and non-nutritional. Twenty lower extremities on randomly chosen men and women patients were evaluated by anthropometry and computerized tomography. These genes contribute to depot-specific differences in immune function, extracellular matrix remodeling and lysosomal function and may contribute to the physiological differences noted between depots.

The aim of the current study was to develop and cross-validate a new model to predict lower limbs LST in boys aged 10—13 years, using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry DXA as the reference method. Chronic dietary methionine Met deprivation or cytokine-induced inflammatory disorders generates LBM downsizing following differentiated physiopathological processes. Reduced body fat is associated with improved longevity with caloric restriction CR in rodents.


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Previous studies suggested that the intracellular protozoan Neospora caninum might affect adipose tissue physiology. Obese PCOS women showed a SAT-Top pattern very similar to that of women with type-2 diabetes, although the mean age difference between these groups was more than 30 years.

The Heath and Carter approach to determining somatotypes is less accurate than is regression analysis, mainly because of the lack of association between skeletal widths and lean body mass as measured by body density and whole- body fat percentage, holding constant muscle circumference.

The multivariate analysis showed that the LBM was an independent predictor ka all-cause death in male Hazard ratio [HR] 0. In addition to its role in energy metabolism, PLP is involved in the biosynthesis of hemoglobin and neurotransmitter which are necessary for neurological functions. Further research is indicated to elucidate mechanisms of action and to determine whether supplementation may benefit frail elders.

Dudrick, physician scientist, academic leader, and a founding member of the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition. Many genes traditionally associated with lipid, protein and carbohydrate metabolism were not altered in obese vs.

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A total of subjects without diabetes who had completed a medical examination were included in this study. Comprehensive examinations including biochemical data, measurements of body composition and breast ultrasound were performed.

Background Genome-wide association studies have identified variants within the FTO fat mass and obesity associated locus as the strongest predictors of obesity amongst all obesity-associated gene loci.

Effect of episod stimulation on whole- body and abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue lipolysis in lean and obese men. Height, weight, blood pressure, fasting insulin, glucose, lipid panel, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and body composition by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry were obtained.