Between the two world wars, the Jewish community in New York evolved from an immigrant community divided by language, politics, and culture into an English-speaking, upwardly mobile American citizenry. This leads to his downfall. The Purple Rose of Cairo develops the idea of art’s allure more fully and delicately, showing why humans choose to escape to it. One of the most famous discussions of the nature of reality is Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave” in his philosophical treatise The Republic. Add this document to collection s. One of the things Allen does in both these works is use the genre of comedy, which is supposed to provide happy endings, and infuse it with the unexpected, with sadness and absurd tragedy. First a strange character named Kugelmass appears, and then the title character disappears. He wants a French lover, so he chooses Emma Bovary.

Get The Kugelmass Episode from Amazon. He wants a French lover, so he chooses Emma Bovary. The following year he made his directorial debut with What’s Up, Tiger Lily? I want love and beauty. In the early s he first attended New York University, where he failed motion picture production and English, and then City College of New York, where he also flunked out. In what unique ways do you think they have contributed to the understanding of the human condition? Only one of the writers on the show is Jewish. In , the television comedy variety show Saturday Night Live, whose writers were almost all Jewish, was launched in New York and televised nationwide.

InAllen won an Oscar for Annie Hall, which was hailed as one of the first truly intelligent and complex American comedies. Allen is not saying that all art depicts a perfect world, but shows how audiences are seduced by it because of the alternative it offers to the complexity of the real world. Allen on Art History.

But he is also an irresponsible, selfish, shallow man who wants a lot for very little—he wants to escape his humdrum life and unhappy marriage, kugelmwss not at the expense of his career or marriage.

InAllen’s Take the Money and Run presented a Jewish protagonist who was no longer the Jewish vaudevillian clown of old but a neurotic, analytic, intellectual New York Jew, thoroughly urban and anxiety-ridden.

The Kugelmass Episode Discussion Questions

When she finds herself unable to get back to the novel, she complains to Kugelmass that watching TV all day is boring; she wants to take a class or get a job. His analyst disagrees, however, telling him “there is no overnight cure” for his troubles, adding that he is “an analyst, not a magician. Allen decided when he was just a child that he wanted to write and make movies.

By the end of the century they had established synagogues, and by Jews were entitled to full citizenship.

The Kugelmass Episode

quesions Only when The Great Persky suggests that he use his transporting cabinet to “meet any of the women created by the world’s best writers” does he decide that this is the type of fantasy world he will escape to. Mandel that he needs to have an affair, but the doctor tells him his problems run much deeper and that what he needs is to express his feelings.


Read the “Allegory” and write a short essay on how the “false images” Plato talks about can be construed as the images seen in They expect art to deliver certain truths when in fact it cannot.

Essay topics for The Chosen. Kugelmass tells her about life back in New York, with its nightlife, fast cars, and movie and TV stars. The cabinet Persky uses for Kugelmass’s amazing journeys is cheap and “badly lacquered.

This critical method entails the notion of readers “entering the text” and responding to the text as interpretative techniques. Art in the story is an escape from real life, with its fat epiisode dull people and mundane situations. You can add this document to your study collection s Sign in Available only to authorized users.

A Stanford professor, unable to simply see the text for what it is, remarks that it shows that the mark of a classic is that “you can reread it a thousand times and always find something new. During this season dairy dishes Kugel are often prepared because of several traditions: Art for Cecelia offers an escape because it depicts a perfect world, one where there is no joblessness, no despair, no cruelty, and where there is the possibility of romance, love, and hope.

He learns too that a colleague who is jealous of him, Fivish Kopkind, has spotted Kugelmass in the book and has threatened to reveal his secret to Daphne. The story won an O. Allen’s Interiors, his first attempt at serious drama, met with mixed success, but ‘s Manhattan, an autobiographical work shot in black-and-white, was admired by critics and audiences. Art can offer some refuge from the harshness of reality, but we cannot stay there permanently.

Once again, Kugelmass wants to escape—this time his fantasyturned-reality—either by committing suicide or running away to Europe. She is enthralled by stories of New York, and he talks about O. Throughout the story, Allen uses lowbrow humor to poke fun at serious, high art by combining it with absurd and farcical situations. But what he doesn’t even consider is that Flaubert’s novel is not about perfect love at all but the ridiculous idealization of it by the title character—which leads to her utter ruin.

The story won an O. The story may also be viewed as a farce, which is a comedy characterized by broad satire and improbable situations. In the following essay, Champion explores how readers and the protagonist “enter the text” in “The Kugelmass Episode,” reversing the phenomenon of reader-response. This persona, taken from his standup routine, appropriated some of the techniques and types from the Jewish humorist tradition, for example casting the hero as a schlemiel, a bungler and lovable failure who is to be pitied.

As a sign of his desperation to escape his reality, Kugelmass the distrusting city man accepts that Persky knows what he is doing. Most of them are from New York City.


Kugelmass is an ironical portrayal of a middle-aged Jewish man undergoing a sexual crisis; his wife Daphne is a satire of an over-the-hill, unrefined and materialistic Jewish wife; Emma is a spoof of shallow, celebrity-seeking, and untalented would-be actor; and Persky sends up Jewish speech and manners as well as cheap entertainers.

They spend a wonderfully romantic weekend together, and Emma has never been as happy.

Madame Bovary, where Emma is found to be bored with her spouse and in search of romance, stating to Kugelmass, “I’ve always dreamed that some mysterious stranger would appear and rescue me from the monotony of this crass rural existence. For Kugelmass, things start to go horribly wrong when Persky’s transporter malfunctions and Emma Bovary is unable to return to her novel. There he meets with his hilariously bizarre ending—thrust by mistake into a remedial Spanish textbook and running for his life as he is chased by a large and hairy irregular verb.

The entire fantastic situation of being transported into a fictional realm is undercut by characterizing it in mundane terms. Allen’s story also demonstrates reader-response techniques when “enter the text” is interpreted as “read the text. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. This is a kaleidoscopic look at the history, culture, and community of Brooklyn’s Jews, from the first documented settlement of Jews in the borough in the s to the present day Jewish presence.

Persky in particular uses extremely colorful phrases and one can almost hear a Brooklyn Jewish accent. When Persky tries to return Emma to the novel, his cabinet malfunctions, and she is forced to stay in New York.

Mandel, an analyst who warns Kugelmass that an affair won’t solve his problems and that “[he’s] an analyst, not a magician. Emma is also in pursuit of shallow and meaningless things—idealized romance and fame—that she thinks can make her happy.

He decides he wants to have an affair with Emma Bovary because she is French—”that sounds to me perfect,” he says.

The Kugelmass Episode

Both of these works use similar methods to examine the line between fantasy and reality and to show how seductive fantasy can be. What Do I Read Kugdlmass Cecelia turns to art to satisfy her desires, and the escape offered by art is magical and wonderful. Kugelmass is completely seduced by the world of art, but questiohs that world is for him is a place where he can get what he wants without having to pay very much for it. In the early s he first attended New York University, where he failed motion picture production and English, and then City College of New York, where he also flunked out.