From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. An avenue, a large square , and a nearby metro station in Yerevan are named after Garegin Nzhdeh. This page was last edited on 10 August , at Nzhdeh played a key role in organizing the troops for the defense of Karakilisa in May Political and military leaders. Retrieved 26 September For the brave and extraordinary performance of the Armenian fighters, Bulgarian military authorities honoured Nzhdeh with the Cross of Bravery.
During the Second Balkan War he was wounded. Anna, 4th class Recipients of the Order of St. This step was strongly rejected by Nzhdeh. Between April and July , the Red Army conducted massive military operations in the region, attacking Syunik from north and the east. Soon after, he moved to Sofia , Bulgaria where he started a family by marrying Epime , a local Armenian girl and establishing in Bulgaria. The authorities also did not allow the transfer of his body to Armenia. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Inupon his return to the Caucasus, Nzhdeh was arrested by the Russian authorities and spent 3 years in prison. Retrieved 28 May The process was fulfilled through the efforts of Pavel Ananyan, the husband of Nzhdeh’s granddaughter, with the help obline linguistics professor Varag Arakelyan and others, including Gurgen Armaghanyan, Garegin Mkhitaryan, Artsakh Buniatyan, and Zhora Barseghyan.
Following the sovietization of Armenian on 2 Decemberthe Soviets pledged to take steps to rebuild the army, to protect the Armenians and not to persecute non-communists, although the final condition of this pledge was reneged when the Dashnaks were forced out of the country. Oxford University Press,p. The Case of Armenian Democratization.
But dull is undeniable that if Zangezur has since been nhdeh integral part of Soviet Armenia, it was Nzhdeh who made it possible. Nzhdeh played a fil, role in organizing the troops for the defense of Smotrett in May Garegin Nzhdeh was one of the key political and military leaders of the First Republic of Armenia —and is widely admired as a charismatic national hero by Armenians.
Soon after, he moved to SofiaBulgaria onlije he started a family by marrying Epimea local Armenian girl and establishing in Bulgaria. During the first stage of the war, inhe was appointed as an assistant-commander to Drastamat Kanayan of the 2nd Armenian unit.
Between April and Julythe Red Army conducted massive military operations in the region, attacking Syunik from north and the east. An avenue, a large garegknand a nearby metro station in Yerevan are named after Garegin Nzhdeh. Historical Dictionary of the Russian Civil Wars, Petersburg to continue his education in a local university. Petersburg University and returned to the Caucasus in order to participate in the Armenian national movements against the Ottoman Empire.
Later on, inhe commanded the special Armenian- Yezidi military unit. After clashing with Turkish forces in Alexandropol, today known as Gyumri, the Armenian fighters led by Nzhdeh dug-in and built fortifications in Karakilisa.
Nzhdeh got his early education at a Russian school in Nakhichevan City. Archived from the original on 20 October During the Second Balkan War he was wounded.
Despite the reputed great interest shown by the communist leaders to this initiative, [ citation needed ] the proposal was eventually refused. I defended Zangezur from the Turks and the Turkish Bolsheviks. After two years of studying at the Faculty of Law, he left St. As a member of the Armenian Revolutionary Federationhe was involved in national liberation struggle and revolutionary activities during the First Balkan War and World War I.
Political and military leaders. Between and Nzhdeh was kept in Vladimir Prisonthen until the summer of in a secret prison in Yerevan. This page was last edited on 10 Augustat In January Drastamat Kanayan sent a telegram to Nzhdeh, suggesting allowing the sovietization of Syunik, through which they could gain the support of the Bolshevik government in solving the problems of the Armenian lands.
Decades after his death, on 30 MarchNzhdeh was rehabilitated by the supreme court of the newly independent Republic of Armenia. According to his prison fellow Hovhannes Devedjian, Nzhdeh’s transfer to Yerevan prison was related to an attempt to mediate between the Dashnaks and the Soviet leaders to create a collaborative atmosphere between the fiom sides. In the same year he returned to Armenia.
Retrieved 31 October Retrieved 26 September On 18 Februarythe Dashnaks led an anti-Soviet rebellion in Yerevan and seized power. After long negotiations with the state security smotrret of Soviet Armenia, Nzhdeh and Devejian prepared a letter in Yerevan prison addressed to the ARF leader Simon Vratsiancalling him for co-operation with the Soviets regarding the issue of the Armenian struggle against Turkey.
Armenians and Turks in the Shadow of Genocide. Anna, 4th class Recipients of the Order of St.
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Armenian national liberation movement. On 7 Octoberthe right hand of Nzhdeh’s body was placed on the slopes of Mount Khustup near Kozni fountain, as Nzhdeh had once expressed the wish “when you find me killed, bury my body at the top of Khustup to let me clearly view Kapan, Gndevaz, Goghtan and Geghvadzor On 26 April during the celebration of the 84th anniversary of the Republic of Mountainous Armenia, parts of Nzhdeh’s body were taken from the Spitakavor Church to Khustup.
In NovemberNzhdeh was sent to Yerevan, Armenia, awaiting trial. Thus, Nzhdeh was reburied for the third time, finally to rest on the slopes of Mount Khustup near Nzhdeh’s memorial in Kapan. He lost his father, Priest Yeghishe, in his childhood.
For the brave and extraordinary performance of the Armenian fighters, Bulgarian military authorities honoured Nzhdeh with the Cross of Bravery. In Nzhdeh proposed an initiative to the Soviet government.