From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. The order of sailing, in which the fleet was arranged when the enemy was first sighted, was to be the order of the ensuing action so that no time would be wasted in forming a precise line. Collingwood altered the course of his column slightly so that the two lines converged at this line of attack. Villeneuve’s supply situation began to improve in October, but news of Nelson’s arrival made Villeneuve reluctant to leave port. The allied van, after long remaining quiescent, made a futile demonstration and then sailed away. Lavery, Brian [].

He had tight control over the Paris media and kept the defeat a closely guarded secret for over a month, at which point newspapers proclaimed it to have been a tremendous victory. The Men, the Battle, the Storm. These were not the only problems faced by the Franco-Spanish fleet. Order of battle at the Battle of Trafalgar. With a storm gathering in strength off the Spanish coast, he sailed westwards to clear Cape St Vincent , prior to heading north-west, swinging eastwards across the Bay of Biscay , and aiming to reach the French port at Rochefort. Just before his column engaged the allied forces, Collingwood said to his officers:

File: – Wikimedia Commons

The Battle of Trafalgar, as seen from the starboard mizzen shrouds of the Victory. The following page uses this file: The Journal of Modern History. The gunners were forced back below decks by French grenades. Napoleon’s invasion plans for Britain depended on having a sufficiently large number of ships of the line before Boulogne in France. Although Trafalgar meant France could no longer challenge Britain at sea, Napoleon proceeded to establish the Continental System in an attempt to deny Britain trade with watrrloo continent.


The fleet included six aircraft carriers — modern capital ships: Corbett, By Sir Julian Stafford First, the British fleet would close with the Franco-Spanish as quickly as possible, reducing the chance that they would be able to escape without fighting. MercoPress staff 4 June The Napoleonic Wars continued for another ten years after Trafalgar.

Espejo de navegantes in Spanish. As planned, the British fleet was approaching the Franco-Spanish line in two columns.

Nelson led his column into a feint toward the van of the Franco-Spanish fleet and then abruptly turned toward the actual point of attack. Lavery, Brian [].

Bitva u Trafalgaru

Leading the northern, windward column in Victory was Nelson, while Collingwood in the gun Royal Sovereign led the second, leeward, column. Nelson’s Trafalgar 1st ed.

The surviving ships remained bottled up in Cadiz until when Napoleon invaded Spain. The plan had three principal advantages. Many a time I would have given the whole group of our capture, to ensure our own Men who subsequently waterkoo from injuries sustained at the battle are buried in or near the Trafalgar Cemeteryat the south end of Main Street, Gibraltar.

The French and Spanish fleet now formed an uneven, angular crescent, with the slower ships generally to leeward and closer to the shore. Archived from the original on 24 March Villeneuve’s supply situation began to improve in October, but news of Nelson’s arrival made Villeneuve reluctant to leave port.

Bitva na Berezině

Countdown to Battle, — Nelson was careful to point out that something had to be left to chance. Phoenix Mill, Stroud, Glos.: However, Villeneuve took his fleet through the Strait waterlok Gibraltarrendezvoused with the Spanish fleet, and sailed as planned for the Caribbean. The main French ships of the line had been kept in harbour for years by the British blockade with only brief sorties.


They would then return, assist the fleet in Brest to emerge from the blockade, and together clear the English Channel of Royal Navy ships, ensuring a safe passage for the invasion barges. Retrieved from ” https: The authors hence believe the rest to be a fabrication. At first, Villeneuve was optimistic about returning to the Mediterranean, but soon had second thoughts.

Bitva na Berezině – Wikipedie

Views Read Edit View history. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Towards the end of the battle, and with the combined fleet being overwhelmed, rilm still relatively un-engaged portion of the van under Rear-Admiral Dumanoir Le Pelley tried to come to the assistance of the collapsing centre.

The French would later join this humanitarian agreement. Date 21 October Retrieved 1 July Against Nelson, Vice-Admiral Villeneuve—sailing on his flagship Bucentaure —fielded 33 ships of the line, including some of the largest in the world at the time. At the same time, he received intelligence that a detachment of six British ships Admiral Louis’ squadronhad docked at Gibraltar, thus weakening the British fleet.